Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) as a result of loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over a million people die, most of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is found depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The key places that malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. You will find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four types of malaria parasite that will infect humans they are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time needed for growth and development of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that utilizing the same technology some day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The same technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.